Effect of DC Voltage on Prototype of Biodiesel Electrostatic Separator with Glycerin from Waste Cooking Oil

Jaya Utama Putra, Leila Kalsum, Yohandri Bow

Abstract


The limitations of fossil fuel support on fulfillment of energy need in a sustainable and environment friendly fashion has drove society to efforts of finding and developing fresh and renewably resources. Biodiesel is considered as one the renewable energy resource and shows environment friendly property which consist of alkyl of fatty acids monoester originated from vegetable oil or animal fat. Biodiesel production technology has been developed in all of its aspects to obtain optimum product of biodiesel. One of important step in biodiesel production is separation of glycerin from biodiesel product. Electrostatic method has been proved in accelerating saturation of glycerin. However, several aspects still need a careful assessment to acquire biodiesel production process with standard quality output as assigned. In this work, we designed an electrostatic separator of biodiesel from glycerin using waste cooking oil feed. The prototype was tested in several different voltages 12 Vdc, 20 Vdc, 30 Vdc and 33.5 Vdc. For comparison purpose in view of product to standard tendency, we conducted analysis of waste cooking oil feed including FFA, density, viscosity, water content and flash point prior electrostatic separation based on separation percentage of the same total volume. The result shows the highest voltage obtained is 33.5 Vdc, separation time 2 minutes 10 seconds having viscosity, water content and density i.e. 7.2139 cSt, 0.0321% and 0.85 g/mL respectively whereas flash point increase to 1917 °C. The data confirmed that the product fulfills required standard value for density, water content and flash point whereas viscosity does not fulfill the standard value

Full Text:

Full PDF

References


REFERENCES

Yusmartini, ES and Rusdianasari. (2016). Separation Process Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil using Ultrafiltration Membranes. Proceeding Forum in Research and Technology (FIRST), pp B10-B13.

Haryono, Rahayu, I. and Yulyati, Y. B. (2016). Biodiesel dari Minyak Goreng Sawit Bekas dengan Katalis Heterogen CaO : Studi Penentuan Rasio Mol Minyak / Metanol dan Waktu Reaksi Optimum. Jurnal Eksergi, 13(1), pp. 1–5.

Murtiningrum dan Firdaus, A. (2015). Perkembangan Biodiesel di Indonesia: Tinjauan Atas Kondisi Saat Ini, Teknologi Produksi & Analisis Prospektif. Jurnal PASTI, 9(1), pp. 35–45.

Aziz, I., Nurbayti, S. dan Ulum, B. (2011). Pembuatan Produk Biodiesel dari Minyak Goreng Bekas dengan Cara Esterifikasi dan Transesterifikasi. Valensi. 2(3), pp. 443–448. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15408/jkv.v2i1.3107.

Aziz, I. (2007). Kinetika Reaksi Transesterifikasi Minyak Goreng Bekas. Valensi, pp. 19–23. Available at: http://journal.uinjkt.ac.id/index.php/valensi/article/view/209.

Setiawati, E. and Edwar, F. (2012) ‘Teknologi Pengolahan Biodiesel Dari Minyak Goreng Bekas dengan Teknik Mikrofiltrasi dan Transesterifikasi sebagai Alternatif Bahan Bakar Mesin Diesel’, Riset Industri, VI(2), pp. 117–127.

Abbaszadeh, A., Ghobadian, B. and Najafi, G. (2014). Electrostatic Coagulation for Separation of Crude Glycerin from Biodiesel. Advances in Environmental Biology. 8(1), pp. 321–324.

Austic, A. G. and Shore, S. (2009). Characterization of the Effect of High Voltage Current on the Enhancement of Biodiesel / Glycerin Separation’, Time.

Abbaszadeh, A. Najafi, G. and Ghohadian, A. (2013). Design, Fabrication and Evaluation of a Novel Biodiesel Processor System. International Journal of Renewable Energy Technology Research. 2(2). pp. 249–255.

Mhatre, S. et al. (2015) ‘Electrostatic Phase Separation: A Review. Chemical Engineering Research and Design. Institution of Chemical Engineers, 96, pp. 177–195. doi: 10.1016/j.cherd.2015.02.012

Sams. et. al. (2013). United States Patent’, 1(12), p. 5. doi: 10.1126/Science.Liquids.

Y. Bow, Hairul, and I. Hajar. (2015). Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) Based PVC-Membrane-Coated Graphite Electrode for the Determination of Heavy Metals. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 4(6), pp. 422-425.

Rusdianasari, A. Taqwa. and Y. Bow. (2014). Treatment of Coal Stockpile Wastewater by Electrocoagulation using Aluminum Electrodes. Advanced Materials Research, 896, pp. 145-148.

Y. Bow., E. Sutriyono, S. Nasir, and I. Iskandar. (2017) Preparation of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers Simazine as Material Potentiometric Sensor. MATEC Web of Conference 101, 01002.

SNI 7182:2015. Biodiesel.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24845/ijfac.v3.i3.89

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Editorial Office:

Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas MIPA Universitas Sriwijaya
Jl. Palembang-Prabumulih Km.32
Indralaya 30662
Phone: +62-711-580269

 

Creative Commons License
IJFAC by Department of Chemistry Sriwijaya University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License